Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek: Psychopathological Symptoms


Definition: Maintenance of imposed posture; limbs remain in the position they are placed regardless of how unnatural the position is.  


Exploration: The examiner moves one of the patient’s arms or legs into an unnatural and uncomfortable position. Haltungsverharren is present if the patient retains that posture for a few seconds before returning to resting position (Leonhard 1957; Petho and Ban 1989).




Leonhard K. Classification of endogenous Psychosis and their Differentiated Etiology. Berlin: Springer Verlag; 1999,  pp. 75-81

Petho B, Ban TA. DCR Budapest-Nashville in the diagnosis and classification of functional psychoses. Psychopathology 1989; 21: 153-240.


Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek

September 29, 2016